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Disease Information : Buerger's Disease : Glossary

Buerger’s Disease : Glossary

A | B | C | D | E | F-G | H-K | L-O | P-Q | R | S | T | U | V-Z

A

ABI: Ankle Brachial-Index measurement. A method for testing for peripheral arterial disease through the use of a Doppler probe and a blood pressure cuff on both the arms and ankles.

Amputation: Surgical removal of a limb or portion of a limb. Above knee, below knee, or partial foot are all varieties.

Arteriogram: An x-ray used to determine specific arterial blockages in the body. The procedure involves inserting a small catheter into the artery that injects dye.

Artery: A pipeline (blood vessel) carrying oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body.  When diseased, the organ supplied may become damaged due to lack of oxygen and nutrients. (See ischemia)

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B

Blood pressure: The force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls.

C

Catheter: A tiny flexible inserted in a blood vessel to inject dye, assist with the removal of a blood clot, or inject medication.

Critical Leg Ischemia: A severe obstruction of the arteries which seriously decreases blood flow to the extremities (hands, feet and legs) and has progressed to the point of severe pain and even skin ulcers or sores. Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI) is often present in individuals with severe peripheral arterial disease (PAD).

D

Doppler: A diagnostic tool that uses low intensity ultrasound to detect blood flow velocity in arteries or veins.

Duplex: A diagnostic tool that combines Doppler and ultrasound.

E

Embolous: A clot that develops in a blood vessel and hinders blood flow to the heart.

F-G

Gangrene: Tissue death caused by poor blood flow. It is usually black with color, often with a foul odor.

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H-K

Intermittent Claudication: Symptoms that occur when the leg muscles do not receive the oxygen rich blood required during exercise, thus causing cramping in the hips, thighs or calves.

Ischemia: An organ (heart, brain, kidneys, or foot, for example) that is not getting adequate blood flow and lacks vital oxygen and nutrients.

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L-O

Non-Invasive: Medical procedures or exams which do not involve needles, dye or x-ray to diagnose arterial diseases.

P, Q

Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD): A common disorder that occurs in the artery segments of the circulatory system (legs, pelvis, neck brain). The artery wall linings slowly become narrowed and rough clots formed due to built up cholesterol or plaque. It has major implications on a patient's life due to association with blockages in the heart and brain with potential for death from heart attack and stroke.

Plaque: The built up material on the inner lining of an artery made up of cholesterol and fatty substances.

R

Rest Pain: Constant pain (particularly at night) found in the toes or foot that is caused by poor blood flow.

Revascularization: Procedures to restore blood flow the artery.

S

Scleroderma: A chronic disease characterized by degenerative changes and scarring in the skin, joints, and internal organs and by blood vessel abnormalities. Often mistaken as Buerger's Disease.

Smoking Cessation: To quit a smoking habit. Critical aspect of treating Buerger's disease and Peripheral Arterial Disease. See Smoking Cessation for more info.

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T

Thromboangiitis obliterans: The official medical term for Buerger's Disease.

U

Ultrasonic Duplex Scanning: The diagnostic test for PAD that produces images of arteries or veins on a screen via the use of ultrasound equipment. This test is used to locate blocked arteries or measure their size.

V, W, X, Y, Z

Vascular Medicine: A branch of medicine that deals primarily in medical treatment of vascular diseases. A rapidly expanding area of modern medicine.

Vessels: The tube like structures in the circulatory system that are responsible for circulating blood within the body. The three kinds of vessels are arteries, veins and lymphatics. Capillaries are the microscopic structures that connect arteries and veins at the tissues.

Veins: Blood vessels that carry the blood from the body back to the heart.

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Buerger’s Disease section was last modified: December 21, 2010 - 05:08 pm

All of the medical information contained on VDF's Web site has been written by medical professionals and then peer-reviewed by a multidisciplinary committee who edits the material appropriately.